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Sunterra

Friday’s Letter from America: Open Letter to ARDA and Timeshare Crusader

Welcome to this week’s Letter from America. Over the years Inside Timeshare has been running this series of articles. We have heard from so many elderly people, veterans, and serving military personnel, all have told similar stories. These revolve around the lies and untruths members allege are told by sales agents employed by Diamond and other developers to sell their product. The initial response to complaints has always been the same, “We are not responsible for what the sales agents say” and “you signed the contract”.

Today’s article was not going to be published, but due to comments made on various social media platforms which Inside Timeshare posts, it was decided that this Open Letter was the only reply. It was one comment made by the Timeshare Crusader which really did spark this change, in the comment Lisa, who we do have a great deal of respect for, calling consumers “gullible”. Considering the horror stories we have published we felt this had to be addressed. Over-reliance on the oral representation sentence, buried in a lengthy contract, implies the consumer is at fault. Only a biased observer will hold deceptive agents blameless.

ARDA has never appeared to address this issue, and as a reminder about oral representations, we do believe that it is too little too late, a case of “closing the stable door after the horse has bolted”. They also do not go far enough to protect consumers from their ARDA members or sanction them when they allow sales agents to say what they like.

An Open Letter to ARDA and Timeshare Crusader Explaining Why the Victim should not be Blamed

https://memeguy.com/photos/images/hypocrisy--7178.jpg
  • Beth in Arkansas, on behalf of younger people buying timeshares, 
  • Tiffany, on behalf of her elderly parents, 
  • Adam, on behalf of veterans and active-duty military,
  • Bernadette, on behalf of those experiencing serious medical conditions,
  • A timeshare member from 2017 who holds a security clearance  

May 7, 2021

If you are considering buying a timeshare for the first time or you are an owner thinking about adding to your vacation ownership portfolio, ARDA-ROC and the Timeshare Crusader recommend that you consider, at a minimum, the following:

https://www.arda-roc.org/important-information-for-buying-timeshare?fbclid=IwAR0DfjCzkYz4VzvaHkASdv1NO8iBx5ETU7S9URkUjdqzty5Y81cP42mNTho

If ARDA and Timeshare Crusader would take the time to read our articles, they would learn why the victim should not be blamed. We are disappointed, but not surprised, that neither organization holds deceptive timeshare sales agents and managers accountable. On a short vacation, if promised the ability to sell points, rent points, access “equity” or refinance, no one is going to attempt to do that while on vacation. The rescission period is easily dodged. It is easy for those who have not experienced a predatory timeshare experience to judge. 

AARP staff writer Doug Shadel explains in his book Outsmarting the Scam Artists” why the victim should not be blamed. An excerpt from the chapter entitled Ether:

This inability to fully grasp how emotion or “affect” influences our decision-making is crucial to understanding why fraud occurs… Even victims who are interviewed after the fact, criticize themselves….This is because they are no longer inside the situation – no longer having their emotions manipulated and vulnerabilities exposed. The ether has worn off.

ARDA and Timeshare Crusader talk about how financing a timeshare is like financing a house. No, it’s not. Home mortgage rates in the U.S. are at 2.882%. Timeshares are financed at 12% to 19%. If a Barclay credit card is used, the interest rate after the grace period is over 20%. If you buy a house but then decide you don’t like the house, you can sell it. Timeshares are virtually worthless.   

Tiffany: My elderly parents were deceived in 2019. The security clearance holder who shares her similar experience below is not a senior, yet she fell for the same pitch that my parents fell for – you have to give up your deed and buy points. My parent’s “QA” agent kept them for 11 hours. My mother called me during the ordeal. I told her to leave. She said she couldn’t because they had their credit card and driver’s license. They attended because they were told if they didn’t attend, they would be charged for their stay. They were browbeaten into giving up the Gold Key deeds they had owned for years. There was nothing in the contract that would have addressed this falsehood, and after 11 hours without food, water, or necessary medication, they were defeated. Diamond’s response was they sounded just fine on the recorded “QA” closing. They lost the two Gold Key deeds that they had for years, and over $30,000 after being told they had to give up their deed and buy points. The full story:

Tiffany Renee’s parents kept for 11 hours:

https://insidetimeshare.com/fridays-letter-from-america-74/

Bernadette’s Change.org Petition to remove an offensive YouTube: https://www.change.org/Michael-Flaskey-MO-WA-AG-take-down-YouTube

https://insidetimeshare.com/fridays-letter-from-america-the-story-of-bernadette/

Adam Siler [email protected]

Why timeshare presentations should be off-limits to active duty military: 

https://insidetimeshare.com/fridays-letter-from-america-75/

Adam, Bernadette Tiffany: Why Buyers Need to Record the Sales Session https://insidetimeshare.com/fridays-letter-from-america-should-sales-presentations-be-recorded/

Beth in Arkansas: 

I worked as a Covid nurse during the height of the pandemic. My parents gave me 10,000 Liki Tiki points. At a presentation I attended in Tennessee, I was told I had to give the points up because they were so limited. The agent said I could get 5,000 additional points for $4,500. It wasn’t until later I learned I had a $45,000 loan. That’s more than my student loans. I would have never bought the points. Diamond Resorts blamed me. They said on the recorded closing I was informed of the total purchase price. I certainly did not hear that because I would have never signed. I wanted to listen to the recording but they said I could only do so by subpoena. They only provided a transcript in which the QA agent stated the purchase price. I have to trust that the transcript is accurate. I learned that to listen to the recorded closing, I had to get an attorney to send a subpoena, but to send a subpoena, you have to file an arbitration case. I’m 24 years old. It’s too much. I have no choice but to default. My mother is horrified. She thought giving me her Diamond points was a good thing.       

A November 30, 2018 article by a Diamond member with a security clearance:

https://insidetimeshare.com/2018/11/

Timeshare sales can pose a national security risk. For those of us with security clearances, our careers could be in jeopardy if we believe a timeshare sales agent and find ourselves forced to default on a timeshare loan. Since the timeshare sales agent knows they will suffer no negative consequences, if deceptive tactics are employed, they are given the green light to sell by any means, knowing the consumer will be blamed.  

Diamond should want the public to know this. 

At a December 17, 2017 meeting, we asked Davia H about selling our deeded Sunterra timeshare. We had no loan and had tried unsuccessfully to sell it. Davia said there was no way to sell our Sunterra timeshare because we did not have “Full Club Member” benefits. She encouraged us to become “Full Club Members” so we could easier sell the timeshare. Davia said our Sunterra timeshare was worthless. We needed to upgrade to “Full Club Member” benefits to receive “benefits that would increase the value of the timeshare to make it worth buying.” We feel not informing us that timeshare points are worthless was a material omission.  

She used asymmetric information. This is where one party has more or better information than the other.  

Davia advised us to wait six months before trying to sell (to avoid the rescission period) because the value of the timeshare would increase. She said she knew someone who helps people sell their timeshares and could give us her contact’s information. Repeated calls and texts to Davia went unanswered.

Diamond used the recording of the Quality Assurance signing session against us. Why would we ask the question of the ability to make money or sell points if we didn’t know Diamond points were worthless?  The recording of the QA was reported in a Diamond CLARITY press release to be for the purpose of enhanced training. In my opinion, the recorded closing is used as an entrapment.

I signed Bernadette’s petition. We are proof that if you do call Diamond, you will be told, “Sorry, you didn’t bring it up on the recorded closing.”  I sent our complaint to this list of contacts found on our advocacy Facebook page. They didn’t care.   

To: Michael Flaskey, CEO

Barclay’s President’s Office

DR PR Firm

ARDA

ARDA ROC

Association of Vacation Owners

Hospitality

https://www.facebook.com/groups/DiamondResortsOwnersAdvocacy/

This article has been written last weekend and has been set to publish automatically. Inside Timeshare may be back at some point in the next week or so, depending on recovery from surgery.

Have a great weekend.

Friday’s Letter from America: Hilton Acquisition of Diamond

BREAKING NEWS

The Radio 4 program You and Yours will not be broadcasting the MacDonald Resorts segment today as planned, this is due to MacDonald Resorts contacting our reader and making an offer of settlement. Hopefully we will be able to publish a successful conclusion in the future.

Back now to our Letter from America.

Welcome to the end of another week with Inside Timeshare, today’s Letter from America is from an old friend, Irene Parker. It needs no introduction apart from it is a subject that has sparked many conversations, the acquisition of Diamond Resorts by Hilton Grand Vacations. Here Irene explores what this means to Diamond Members.

What does Hilton Grand Vacations Acquisition of Diamond Resorts Means to Diamond Members?

How Private Equity has Influenced Timeshare

https://3.bp.blogspot.com/-ekXeotGrjrY/WjpQO-ixsXI/AAAAAAAAAzA/yGSIiE4brYMiojy4Q6G0iHTZtgtmP5UIACPcBGAYYCw/s200/Depositphotos_54721893_original.jpg

By Irene Parker

March 26, 2021

Several Diamond Resorts members have expressed bewilderment by the announcement this month that Hilton is acquiring Diamond Resorts. Former deeded owners of resorts purchased by Diamond – Monarch, Gold Key, Sunterra, ILX, Amber and others, were told that they had to give up their deed and convert to points. It is likely they will once again be told they must upgrade to have access to Hilton properties. Overall, Diamond members seem to feel Hilton’s acquisition is a welcome development. The transaction is expected to close by summer.

According to HGV CEO Mark Wang:

But when you think about the power of putting the Hilton brand on …. it will, number one, create a tremendous amount of credibility. It’ll allow us to attract customers, higher-quality customers than Diamond was able to attract.

We’re going to be– we’re launching a new brand called Hilton Vacation Club. And Hilton Vacation Club will be positioned just below Hilton Grand Vacation Club, which is an upper upscale brand. And Hilton Vacation Club will be an upscale brand. And the entry price points are significantly lower, about $20,000 lower to– to enter the system.

https://finance.yahoo.com/video/hilton-grand-vacations-ceo-diamond-154939235.html

What does it mean? How will it work?

According to Hilton’s website: 

Accelerates launch of HGV-branded trust product offering: rebrand Diamond’s properties over time to drive revenue growth in a new customer segment

My Comment: Trust-based means properties are owned by a Trust, but that is of no benefit to timeshare members who don’t “own” anything. Buyers of non-deeded points purchase a right-to-use product. They have no beneficial interest in a Developer’s Trust any more than a member of a Country Club or gym club has a beneficial interest in their club’s brick and mortar buildings. 

My question: Diamond’s properties are already in Diamond’s Trusts. Does Hilton plan to buy legacy (older) resorts, modeling Diamond’s business model?

  • Combining HGV’s points-based deeded product with Diamond’s points-based trust structure will allow the Company to cater to a wider audience, attract more new buyers and drive incremental growth in a capital-efficient manner.
  • HGV’s deeded product provides premium pricing, inventory sourcing flexibility, and the ability to pre-sell projects to support strong project-level cash flow, while giving buyers and owners the value of guaranteed availability.

My question: How is availability guaranteed? According to Hilton members I spoke with, availability is guaranteed by means of an advanced booking window. It’s not the same as owning a fixed week that is a true guarantee.     

  • The introduction of a trust product allows for lower barriers to ownership, reduced inventory delivery volatility and inventory recycling, enabling smoother sales and upgrades while providing buyers and owners network and pricing flexibility.

The biggest question on the minds of many Diamond members is – will there finally be a resale value. Rules change, but at last check if you buy Diamond points on the secondary market, you must buy 50% of the number of points you bought on the secondary market, directly from Diamond to be eligible for The Club, to be able to exchange. Will Hilton be so restrictive?   

Inventory delivery volatility reduction must be because points are of almost unlimited supply and eternal. 

Inventory recycling means foreclosing or taking back points. 

“Smoother sales and upgrades” is something Diamond members are very used to and many are wary of. 

One Diamond member expressed Diamond’s pricing flexibility: 

Kona 11/6/18 – Our agent tried to convince us to purchase Hawaii collection points for $11.40 per point, as opposed to $4.79 presented on Oahu the week before. Manager Brett asked us where the $4.79 came from. We shared the paperwork we had been given. He became rude and threatening saying, “it is illegal for you to have these papers.” The papers had been given to us.   

  • Integrates Diamond’s innovative Events of a Lifetime® experiential sales and marketing platform that drives strong engagement and Volume Per Guest (VPG) premiums with HGV’s owner base

My Comment: It is hoped Hilton will do a better job of informing the person presented with an EOL that it is a solicitation. 

Volume per Guest is a metric that is often used to show efficiency in sales. Total sales volume divided by the number of tours “guests” that each site has. 

Ex. Site sells 200,000 on a day with 25 guests = 8,000 VPG – This is the expectation for existing owners. (Figures provided by an industry insider)

Many on our Diamond member-sponsored Facebook have questioned how this remarkably high VPG has been achieved. 

https://www.facebook.com/groups/DiamondResortsOwnersAdvocacy/

DRI 7,000-12,000 VPG 

Wyndham 3,000-4,000

Bluegreen 3,000-4,000

Marriott 3,000-5,000

Hilton 4,000-5,500  

https://www.hiltongrandvacations.com/-/media/project/hgv/presence/news-media/press-releases-pdf/hgv_press-release_2021-03-10_final.pdf?la=en

The History and Effect of Private Equity on Diamond Resorts and Timeshare 

It’s not your Grandmothers’ Timeshare

Leon Black founded Apollo in 1990 with partners from Drexel Burnham Lambert, the junk-bond shop led by Michael Milken that collapsed in a scandal. 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-03-22/leon-black-steps-down-as-apollo-ceo-succeeded-by-marc-rowan

Apollo took Diamond Resorts private in 2016 for $2.2 billion and made a bid to buy Hilton Grand Vacations three years later for about $40 a share. 

https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2021-03-22/leon-black-steps-down-as-apollo-ceo-succeeded-by-marc-rowan

In 2018 – Private-equity firm Apollo Global Management LLC is preparing to take Diamond Resorts public …. Apollo could seek a valuation for Diamond Resorts of around $4 billion and aim to raise in excess of $500 million in the offering, though price expectations are moving around, according to people familiar with the process.

https://www.wsj.com/articles/apollo-plans-to-take-diamond-resorts-public-1524222000

HGV, spun out of Hilton Worldwide in 2017, will buy the Las Vegas-based Diamond Resorts (for $1.4 billion) from funds managed by affiliates of Apollo Global Management Inc., Reverence Capital Partners and others in an all-stock deal.

https://www.streetinsider.com/General+News/Hilton+Grand+Vacations+to+buy+Diamond+Resorts+International+for+about+%241.4+billion/18106449.html?classic=1&fbclid=IwAR138X7CdWS5ffgQB154da07xYABd9pJCmAhgueJ-UzRun8uHFx7FH3puXU

Private Equity v Hedge Funds (Investopedia)

Private equity funds more closely resemble venture capital firms in that they invest directly in companies, primarily by purchasing private companies, although they sometimes seek to acquire controlling interest in publicly traded companies through stock purchases. They frequently use leveraged buyouts to acquire financially distressed companies. Once they acquire or control interest in a company, private equity funds look to improve the company through management changes, streamlining operations or expansion, with the eventual goal of selling the company for a profit, either privately or through an initial public offering in a stock market. 

History Repeats Itself

The first Diamond member to submit an article about their timeshare experience to Inside Timeshare was in 2016. A family of five, with their firstborn off to college, they alleged that they were told if they became Platinum they could offset maintenance fees. The most recent Inside Timeshare article is about a Diamond member who received a $95,678 judgement contesting a $3,995 Sampler trial product. He alleged that he was told he could offset maintenance fees at $.20 per point by charging purchases to a Diamond Barclaycard.  

https://insidetimeshare.com/fridays-letter-from-america-73/

Many Diamond members have reported that they were told that if they did not give up their deed their heirs would be liable for the timeshare. There have been 157 Platinum members who have reported allegations that they were promised the ability to be relieved of maintenance fees, unlock equity, or be able to sell points if they became Platinum loyalty level or bought additional points. 

Do your timeshare math when purchasing a timeshare or upgrading.  Seniors especially need to amortize the buy-in price over their expected lifetime to determine if the outlay is worth the price.   

Thank you, Irene, as usual, you have given us much to think about, let us hope the industry itself wakes up and take notes from what their own members are saying.

Join us again next week as we explore and report on the murky world of timeshare, have a great weekend.

More Breaking News

On Monday Inside Timeshare will be publishing the latest on the Cazorla Group, the majority shareholders of Anfi, it has been announced that the courts have declared the Cazorla Group bankrupt.

The Tuesday Slot: Secret Shopper Report

Welcome to The Tuesday Slot, this week we welcome back Laurie Sabbagh with her second Secret Shopper Report, this was edited by the Secret Shopper Coordinator Pete Gibbs, with the introduction by Irene Parker. But first some Breaking News from the Spanish Supreme Court in Madrid.

British clients being represented by lawyers from Canarian Legal Alliance has just received the news that the Supreme Court have found in their favour against Club La Costa Leisure Limited. Initially their case was heard at the Court of First Instance in Fuengirola, Malaga, unfortunately this court found in favour of Club La Costa.

The CLA lawyers promptly lodged an appeal with the High Court of Malaga, this court overturned the First Instance verdict, finding in favour of the clients. Club La Costa launched an appeal with the Spanish Supreme Court in Madrid.

The Supreme Court rejected the case and the verdict of the Malaga High Court stood firm. The contract was declared null and void with the client being awarded over 28,000€ plus legal fees and legal interest.

This is a significant case as the offending company was Club La Costa Leisure Limited, a UK registered entity. This may just bode well for other similar contracts, more news on this legal aspect as and when we receive it.

The Team at Canarian Legal Alliance

Now for our Secret Shopper Report.

My Secret Shopper Report

By Laurie Sabbagh

Edited by Secret Shopper Coordinator Pete Gibbes

March 12, 2019

Introduction by Irene Parker

Inside Timeshare has received many complaints from timeshare members told they need to switch to a different program within the same company because they should not have purchased what their last sales agent sold them. In other words, sales agents within the same company sell against each other.

Heartbreaking is the experience of Navy veteran Roy Simmons and his wife Lillian Simmons. A retired letter carrier, living on a letter carrier’s pension, he ended up switching back and forth between programs until he reached $2,700 a month in Diamond Resorts loan payments. The foreclosure process took a tremendous physical and emotional toll on the family. They sought legal advice from a bankruptcy attorney as Mr. Simmons felt he had no choice but to charge loan payments to credit cards. Roy and daughter Angela’s YouTube explains how this happened. In her research Angela discovered the FBI website, which is why she expresses her opinion that her mom and dad’s allegations meet the FBI definition of white-collar crime. Roy and Angela’s February 26, 2018 YouTube:

Roy and Lillian Simmons, ages 69 and 70, Minnesota residents published March 6, 2018

Arizona representatives proposed House Bill 2639 offering protections for timeshare consumers. My experience over the last three years, reading emailed complaints and listening to 730 families report unfair and deceptive timeshare sales practices, has left no doubt in my mind as to the need for protection. I wrote an article, “Timeshare Foreclosure Explained to Lenders.” that foreclosed members can provide to future lenders. The article offers support to my assertion, listing just some of the Attorneys General investigations and settlements and lawsuits. http://insidetimeshare.com/the-tuesday-slot-18/

Bill sponsor Representative Shawnna Bolick and others who supported Arizona HB 2639, thank you. The timeshare lobby ARDA opposed the bill.   

Laurie Sabbagh’s Secret Shopper Report

I can’t believe it has been two years since my first Secret Shopper report was published March 17, 2017. I attended an update this month in Arizona thinking it had gone well until I was informed that the need to switch from my current Hawaii program to the US mainland program was likely proposed under false pretenses, based on the opinion of an ocean engineer. I want to state at the outset that I enjoy my Diamond points, find good value and absolutely love Sedona. As they say, God created the Grand Canyon but He lives in Sedona.

My first Secret Shopper report:  http://insidetimeshare.com/friday-review-news-across-ocean/

Diamond sales agent Paul said that he had worked in the industry for 22 years and had previously sold timeshares in Las Vegas. Paul and a second sales agent, Justin, asked me about the Hawaii special assessment I paid for the Point at Poipu water intrusion damage, which all right-to-use point owners and deeded week owners were assessed after Diamond bought out Sunterra. I told them that my portion of the assessment was much smaller than those of deeded week owners, who ended up being assessed about $5,800 per week owned.

Later Paul tried to convince me that the beach erosion problem at Ka’anapali Beach Club (one of four resorts part of Diamond’s Hawaii Collection), is putting me at risk for another special assessment. Paul further told me that if I were to switch to the US Collection, I would never be charged a special assessment because the US Collection is part of a trust. He insisted that this provision is in writing, but I was not provided documents to backup that claim.

One of our member-sponsored Diamond Advocacy Facebook members is an ocean engineer. He explained why beach erosion is not the responsibility of a resort, but the responsibility of the state or federal government. In a RedWeek post, a Diamond member had been advised to switch due to a 2020 special assessment:

My suggestion would be to ask Diamond for documentation to support the additional charges. For instance, it is reasonable to ask if the funding is for future flood protection that might be afforded by a beach nourishment project. If the assessment is intended for a beach nourishment project, it is likely that arrangements are in place for cost sharing between local stakeholders and government entities.  The cost and scope of government efforts are a matter of public record, and learning the particulars is typically as easy as calling the project managers.

In addition, 2020 is too far out to predict with any sort of fidelity. Concrete financial planning numbers at this stage are unlikely. I have not heard of a federal project in Hawaii. It could be state, but most major beach nourishment projects are underwritten in part by the federal government. I have not heard of a state paying for damages from a flood.  The member needs to know what the assessment is for, in more detail than just beach erosion. Is it for protection or for damage that has already occurred? One is flood damage expense, the other is flood protection afforded by beach nourishment projects.

Justin told me that Diamond bought out Sunterra but I was still an owner of Sunterra points. Justin said that I could apply my equity in Sunterra to the purchase price of 6,500 additional US Collection points to get me to the Silver level and bring the price per point of $9.33 to about $4 per point. We went back and forth. The last offer was for 2,000 points for $5 per point. I declined.

Later Quality Assurance representative Mark told me he used to be with Sunterra until Diamond bought them out, and my Sunterra points were automatically converted to Diamond’s “The Club” points, so I was indeed a Diamond member. This contradicted what Justin told me.

Mark offered me 20,000 points to be used within 24 months at $3,995. He said this offer is only valid to Diamond members. First, I thought it odd a Quality Assurance person was trying to sell me points, and second, the Sampler is a trial product, so available to anyone.

As I said in the beginning, I use and enjoy my Diamond points. I stayed a week at the Celebrity House in Sedona, two bedrooms, two baths, full kitchen, using “Point Saver” at 8,250 points. With all expenses considered, it averaged $260 per day. Best Western in Sedona during the same period was $300 per night for a standard room so this ended up being a huge bargain for me.

I am disappointed that the pressure to sell points is so great that agents feel forced to misrepresent. I feel Diamond has a product, and when sold properly, members benefit. It must be the pressure to produce sales that prompts sales agents to mislead in order to make a sale, but that is just my opinion.

We appreciate Laurie’s second Secret Shopper report.

Timeshare is a product in which the sales agents demand the buyer buy the same day, even though most have no intention of buying the product prior to the day of purchase. Unlike buying a car, there is little frame of reference, especially for first time buyers. Buyers usually sign a perpetual product without even having had a chance to use the product, except to stay at a resort property. Numerous members have reported not being allowed onto the booking site until after the rescission period has expired.

Learn to ask the right questions. Unfortunately, it’s advisable to not believe a word a timeshare sales agent says, based on my experience and the experience of many.

These are self-help groups we feel are not industry influenced. Social Media is here to stay, so consumers can now share experiences. Contact Inside Timeshare if you would like to share your timeshare experience, good or bad.

We seek to provide timeshare members a way to proactively address membership concerns; to advocate for timeshare reform; to obtain greater disclosure from the company; to advocate for a viable secondary market; and to educate prospective buyers.

https://www.facebook.com/timeshareadvocategroup/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/DiamondResortsOwnersAdvocacy/

https://tug2.com/Home.aspx

https://everythingabouttimeshares.com/consider-exchange-options/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/180578055325962/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/465692163568779/

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1639958046252175/

Thank you to Laurie, Pete and Irene for your efforts with this weeks article, we certainly look forward to more Secret Shopper Reports.

The breaking news today from the Spanish Supreme Court was very welcome news indeed, what a start to the day.

If you have been contacted by any company or found one on the internet or advert and want to know if they are genuine, use our contact page and we will help you find out.

Do you feel that you were mis-sold your timeshare in Spain and would like to know if you have a claim, then contact Inside Timeshare, we will check to see if you have a valid and viable case and point you in the right direction. This service is done free of charge and under no obligation.