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Shawbrook Bank

Timeshare Sales and Finance Agreements

Timeshare is not a cheap product, not just the ongoing costs of the annual maintenance fees, the costs of flights and not to forget the money required to feed and water your family during your stay, but the initial cost is high, to say the least. The average cost of a week’s worth of basic timeshare begins around the £10,000 mark, from many of the legal cases we have highlighted that cost has been two to four times that amount.

For those who became involved with Resort Properties which then became Silverpoint, we have seen figures going as high as £100,000, in some cases more. The reason for these high figures, as we now know, was the “investment” pitch, the purchase of multiple weeks and apartments with the promise of a rental income and then a sale of the weeks for a sizable profit.

These never materialised, a fact we can see in the court cases in Tenerife and the subsequent liquidation of Silverpoint. We also know that it did not end with the first purchase, after the two to three year period when the weeks were eventually to be sold, the unsuspecting “investors” were then told the weeks and apartments they purchased were not popular so were not selling.

Never mind, Silverpoint would take them off your hands and sell you better weeks and apartments, and so it went on.

But how were these huge purchases financed, from many of the statements from these victims, they told the sales staff it was not affordable, but that was not a problem according to the salesman. He and his manager can arrange finance, in this case through Barclays Partner Finance.

It was a simple process and the loan application would be granted without any problems, and so it was. By the end of the presentation, the “victim” had purchased the timeshares and signed the loan application. By the time they returned home, BPF had already sent the letter congratulating them on their purchase and for using BPF!

So what is the problem I hear some of you ask?

The problem is very simple, the loans were granted without all the usual checks that one would expect for a loan ranging from £30k upwards.

This is not unique to Silverpoint, other timeshare sales companies used the same technique to “broker” loans for the purchase, the “guaranteed” acceptance for the loan. All were accepted by the various finance companies they used, without question.

The three main finance institutions involved with timeshare finance are Barclays Partner Finance, Hitachi and Shawbrook Bank. Only Shawbrook Bank has acknowledged they did not do their “due diligence” when authorising these loans. They set aside around £9 million to cover any defaults in repayments for these loans and the then CEO was forced to resign. See the link below on their admission.

https://insidetimeshare.com/shawbrook-bank-announce-irregularities-timeshare-loans-similar-activities-usa/

So what do we mean by “Due Diligence”?

Very simply put, it is the lender making sure that their money is secure and will be repaid.

How many of you have gone to your bank or a finance company to ask for a loan for a sizable purchase, it may be a new car, an extension to your home, anything where a large loan is required. From personal experience, the loan was never as straightforward as it has been with purchasing a timeshare.

Apart from the simple credit checks, i.e. any CCJs or defaults, proof of income is required, usually, at least the last 3 months pay statements, for yourself and the wife if you are married. Then there is the all-important Income v Expenditure statement, in this, you will show your monthly outgoings, this is everything, from household bills, right down to what you may spend at work for lunches and coffee per month.

From this and the proof of income they can see if the loan repayments are actually affordable, that you have the “spare” income to cover the repayments without leaving you “short”. In other words “responsible lending”.

Shawbrook admitted they had not done this vital part of the application, they and the other finance companies relied on the information provided by the “timeshare sales staff”, who had a vested interest in making sure the loan was approved.

This is now where we have a problem.

It has always been the way in most sales and especially timeshare, that they are commission-based, in other words, no sale no pay. Some timeshare sales did pay a very meagre “basic” but in many instances, these were based using the old “On Target Earnings”, you don’t make your target you don’t get paid.

This means that the pressure to get you to purchase is going to be even stronger, no matter how you may try to explain you cannot afford the price, the loan option is always going to put more pressure on you to sign.

We must also not forget that the salesman also receives a commission from the finance company, so it is a double-dipper for them. Somehow I see a very “unfair relationship” here, the salesman wants the sale and the lender wants the business. After all, the total repayment is around double the original purchase price, these loans are not cheap.

A Typical BPF Loan Agreement showing the total cost of the timeshare with interest.

For the finance companies to rely purely on the information supplied by people with a vested interest in making the sale with a loan, is in our book totally irresponsible. At least Shawbrook admitted as such.

So far in all the cases that Inside Timeshare has seen on this subject, not one client has ever had to show any written proof of income or have had to provide an “income v expenditure” report. At no point has any of this information been provided by the lenders, even though upon request they must produce it, they have not even been able to produce any of this information on the loan application provided by the timeshare sales.

This would suggest that there is a very serious problem here, it also becomes more serious when we look at the loans and the timeshares they were used to purchase. The vast majority were made in Spain, which with their very strict and consumer-friendly timeshare laws, these loans were used to purchase a product that has been deemed illegal according to the law.

For these institutions to be a party to the underhand sales techniques used in timeshare makes them in our opinion worse than the timeshare companies. We have to ask the question, were the finance institutions duped into these loan agreements by timeshare or was it just greed on their part?

Somehow I think your answers will be the same as mine, GREED!

If you purchased a timeshare in Spain after January 1999, then your contract may just be illegal, if you would like to know for certain and the purchase was also made using a finance agreement, then please use our contact page and Inside Timeshare will get back to you.

Friday’s Letter from America: Timeshare Foreclosure

Welcome to this week’s edition of Letter from America, this week Irene Parker answers a question asked by many consumers when it comes down to loans/mortgages for the purchase of timeshare. This is very much a problem for our US readers as in Europe and especially in the UK all loan agreements are considered personal loans to purchase a product, any default on the loan agreement is a civil matter and is dealt with by the County Courts. The courts can order the repayment or send in the bailiffs to seize personal property to the value of the loan. The timeshare will not be seized as the loan is not collateralised by the timeshare, after all, it is worthless.

There are not many figures available on County Court Judgements made for defaults on these loans, mainly because they are listed as personal debts not attached to anything but a debt to the lender. For instance, you may have taken out a loan for home improvements, this is treated exactly the same as a loan for timeshare. It should also be pointed out that a County Court Judgement commonly known as a CCJ destroys any credit rating and will prevent you from getting any further finance. Now, considering the average age of timeshare purchasers, they are of a generation that will pay off these defaults as a debt is a debt and to receive a CCJ is out of the question. It should also be pointed out that even if consumers receive a CCJ, they are unlikely to advertise the fact on these timeshare forums, after all, it could be very embarrassing.

Is a Timeshare Foreclosure an Installment Loan Foreclosure or a Mortgage Foreclosure? 

See the source image

Is a Timeshare Foreclosure Considered Mortgage Foreclosure? 

https://gustancho.com/timeshare-foreclosure-considered-mortgage-foreclosure

On the credit report yes, but not with mortgage lenders:  Per HUD mortgage lending guidelines, a timeshare is not treated as a regular foreclosure and is treated as consumer debt. 

The U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), the parent of FHA) classifies timeshare mortgages as installment loans and not real estate loans.

By Irene Parker

July 23, 2021

Over the past year, there have been six disturbing reports that indicate timeshare developers are becoming more aggressive in pursuing members who default on loans. If the reports listed below obtained from credible sources are accurate, timeshare buyers should NEVER finance a timeshare, and timeshare attorneys will be provided substantial job security. If you get sued, you need an attorney. There is nothing to prevent a timeshare company from suing a member, but it is more difficult to collect on a timeshare judgment as the loan is not collateralized with anything but the timeshare.

Last week on TIMESHARE TALKS Jessica Burke of Virginia Beach Timeshare Rentals discussed the benefits of renting timeshares. Renting avoids the initial outlay, and more importantly, gives the consumer time to evaluate different timeshares so as to make an informed decision as to which timeshare might be right for their family. Host John Raymond is a licensed timeshare broker and founder of Resort Reseller. Timeshares can be purchased on the secondary market for a fraction of the cost.  

https://tarda.org/f/should-i-buy-a-timeshare-or-rent-one

The lead spokesperson for ARDA-ROC, the timeshare industry lobby’s consumer advocacy arm, encouraged judicial foreclosure in about-face quotes:

“The best thing we can do with exit (is) judicial foreclosure, ruin the credit and enforce the contract,” said Ken McKelvey, chair of the American Resort Development Association-Resort Owners Coalition, according to letterhead minutes of the April 10, 2019 ARDA-ROC meeting.  (Contacted about the meeting notes, ARDA did not dispute their authenticity but said that in the minutes, McKelvey’s quotes were taken out of context.)

At a 2019 Florida legislative workshop I attended, Mr. McKelvey testified:  

“Most of the developers I know and certainly most of the timeshare managers I know, and I managed timeshare properties for thirty years… every single resort had a dissolution policy, every single one (one). There was a way to get out. You had to come to your management company, and based on what the board of directors instructed us to do in the terms if they had to pay a fee or if they had to be current, whatever those situations were, we did not have a one that did not have a dissolution policy and a hardship policy….” 

Timeshare members donate $5 to $10 per contract to ARDA-ROC in mostly “opt-out” donations. These donations are not as voluntary as they sound. When I asked that the $7 not be charged to my credit card along with my maintenance fees, it was charged anyway. When I called to ask that the $7 be removed, I was told they had to fill out an internal form to do so. That was back in January. Another member recently reported they had to call three times to have the $7 removed. Collectively, ARDA-ROC raises approximately $5 million a year from members.  

Following are five additional disturbing reports:

  1. One developer’s contract used to specifically state that they do not pursue summary judgments. That language has been removed.
  2. Eric Olsen, an attorney of 42 years, was quoted in Kiplinger, to the ire of timeshare developers, when asked what happens when someone stops paying: “I ran this often-asked question by Salem, Ore.-based attorney Eric Olsen, founder of HELPS, a national nonprofit law firm that helps lower-income seniors with debt they can’t afford to pay. Olsen concluded our interview by urging readers to, “Consider walking away from the timeshare, as they generally have no value. Stop paying and ignore their communications.   It will eventually get foreclosed and owing any deficiency is highly unlikely.” Kiplinger, April 26, 2021  
  3. Westgate’s VP of Mortgage Services stated in recent court documents that Westgate “probably” has a 30% default rate. Westgate’s lenders can’t be happy with that high default rate. Other developers have default rates that exceed 20%.
  4. Hilton Grand Vacations and Orange Lake/Holiday Inn have sued members defaulting on loans, according to one exit provider.
  5. Another source reported an upsurge in attorney hiring.    

What does this mean to timeshare members and owners?

According to HomeGuidesSF:

The company may sue you in civil court to obtain a judgment. If the judge issues a judgment against you, the management company may garnish your wages or levy your bank account to get the money you owe.

Deeded timeshare owners face a different dilemma. If you stop paying on your timeshare loan, you face foreclosure. Foreclosure is the process whereby the lender files to take possession of the property and sell it at auction to recover the money you owe. There are two main types of foreclosure: judicial and non-judicial foreclosure. In a judicial foreclosure, the lender files a foreclosure lawsuit and takes you to court. The judge may issue a deficiency judgment for the remaining balance due after the auction. A non-judicial foreclosure is basically a paperwork shuffle. Your contract authorizes the trustee to sell the timeshare in the event you stop paying on it. You receive the official Notice of Default and the Notice of Sale. In California, the majority of foreclosures are non-judicial foreclosures where the lender cannot receive a deficiency judgment after the sale of the property.

https://homeguides.sfgate.com/can-sued-not-paying-timeshare-51679.html

Yahoo Finance reporter Abigail Fisher recommends timeshare stocks because consumers are tricked into signing contracts they can’t get out of: 

Best Stocks to Buy According to Hedge Funds

We find evil companies to be a very rewarding hunting ground to uncover long-term stock winners. In our opinion companies like Philip Morris (PM), Facebook (FB), Apple Inc. (AAPL), Alphabet (GOOGLE) are evil companies that delivered 1000% or more gains to their investors.

In this article we are going to look at another set of evil companies that use high pressure sales tactics to trick consumers into signing complex long-term contracts that they don’t understand: timeshare marketing companies. Check out this Reddit post where the user is asking several questions about Wyndham timeshare cancellation. This person was able to cancel and receive a full refund, but many consumers don’t cancel within the 7-day or 10-day window specified in their contracts.

https://finance.yahoo.com/news/best-timeshare-stock-buy-according-135051667.html

How would this reporter feel if the buyer tricked, was her grandmother? Tiffany’s parents were kept for 11 hours, their IDs withheld. They lost their two deeds they had since 1998, and $34,000. They were told that if they didn’t convert their deed to points, maintenance fees would increase from their current fees of $2,000 to $6,000. The transaction resulted in maintenance fees of $6,000 which they could not afford. Tiffany’s interview: 

https://tarda.org/f/how-giving-up-deeded-timeshares-turned-into-tragedy

Many timeshare members and owners, who report unfair or deceptive sales and marketing practices, are senior citizens in their 60s, 70s, some in their 80s and 90s. They have maintained lifelong high credit scores, but are faced with little choice but to default on a timeshare loan if the resort dismisses their complaint because they signed a contract. There is little to no secondary market. Coupled with interest rates ranging from 12% to 20% (higher if credit card financing), a timeshare can become a financial nightmare. About a third of those reaching out are younger. The youngest was 19 and pregnant when she signed a perpetual timeshare contract at midnight – after a six-hour presentation.

Timeshare members can negotiate directly with their resort to resolve a dispute, but expect to be challenged with: 

  • You signed a contract,
  • Your allegations are unsubstantiated, 
  • We are not responsible for what our sales agents say,
  • You didn’t question this on the recorded closing (because you believed the sales agent or were coached on what to say or not say). 

How can this posturing and ongoing war between developers and those providing exit services be healthy for the timeshare industry? 

People, members of the media, and even the Federal Trade Commission have started addressing why thousands of members reach seeking release from an unwanted timeshare. The FTC lists Timeshare Sales at #7 on their current Top Ten Scam list and Timeshare Resales (fake buyers) #10.

Related Articles: FTC:  Timeshares: Yes? No? Maybe?

https://salinapost.com/posts/5de93b95-4ba0-4acb-8527-80dd7effccaf

Top Ten Scams

https://www.aarp.org/money/scams-fraud/info-2020/ftc-top-scams.html

Senior Defaults

https://www.linkedin.com/pulse/senior-timeshare-defaults-irene-parker/

HOAs Benefit from Onsite and Offsite Timeshare Resale Programs

https://tarda.org/f/hoas-benefit-from-onsiteoffsite-timeshare-resale-programs

Thank you Irene, a very interesting article and I hope it helps to answer some of the questions we receive.

It should also be pointed out that in the UK, one bank, Shawbrook Bank, did acknowledge a few years ago that they did not carry out their due diligence when authorising timeshare loans, meaning many agreements were signed without the affordability checks. The bank set aside around  £9 million to cover any defaults on these loans as they would have had great difficulty in enforcing these loan agreements in the County Courts. The CEO at the time was forced to resign as he was the one that arranged the agreements with the timeshare companies.

Another point is all timeshare sales companies must be authorised in order to broker these loans, before April 1st, 2014 these would have been authorised by The Office of Fair Trading and from that date by the Financial Conduct Authority. A case that Inside Timeshare has been following was the validation of these agreements by Barclays Partner Finance for loans brokered by Azure Service Ltd who were not authorised. This validation order would legalise the loan agreement and make it enforceable in law.

Inside Timeshare has already uncovered many timeshare companies who brokered loan agreements with various lenders and have found that the vast majority have never been authorised. This investigation is ongoing and is being used to end loan agreements.

That is all for this week, have a great weekend, and join us again next week for more news and information on the murky world of timeshare.

Timeshare Sales, Barclay Partner Finance & The FCA

For the past couple of years, Inside Timeshare has been following the case of the Financial Conduct Authority granting a validation order for loans provided by Barclays Partner Finance, brokered by timeshare sales agents of Azure Services Ltd. This validation order was granted to BPF after the finance company found out that over 1,400 loan agreements were brokered by Azure Services who were not authorised, competent or diligent enough to broker them.

Many of the clients who signed these agreements for the purchase of timeshares, tended to be either retired or just coming up to retirement. They were lured with the wonderful patter of you are “investing in property”, “it’s not timeshare”.

There was the promise of renting out the purchased weeks, which would give an income, supposedly to cover the maintenance fees and a bit more. Then after 2 years the “investment weeks” would be sold and they would make a profit. This would cover the cost of the loan provided by Barclays Partner Finance.

Well, we all know how that story ends, remember that Azure is part of the Limora Group of companies owned by the late Robert “Bob” Trotta and was also the sister company to Silverpoint in Tenerife.

Company Participations have been likened to this!

Silverpoint, formally Resort Properties, sold the same product, in fact, it was they who originated it. They further developed the product into the Company Participation Scheme, which changed by registering the apartments for sale as “companies”. But the same idea was applied in the sales presentation, it was an investment with rental income and profit after sales when the “company” was transferred to the purchaser. (Sorry but that is the very simple version).

The vast majority of these purchases were made by loan agreements brokered by the sales staff selling the products and provided by Barclays Partner Finance.

When you consider that in the two years which the FCA is looking at for Azure clients this has affected over 1,400, the number of loan agreements financed by BPF must number in the thousands and as far as money is concerned worth hundreds of millions of pounds. Although this is just a guess it is on the figures received by Inside Timeshare on the Azure loans worth around £40 million.

We now move to the latest phase of the case, back in August 2018, Judge Timothy Herrington, ordered the FCA to re-evaluate its decision to validate the order, citing that “consumer detriment” must be taken into consideration.

Judge Timothy Herrington

Over a year later, the FCA confirmed the validation order with a provision that BPF appoints a “competent person” to investigate client detriment.

Now the appeal has been launched to overturn this decision, there is a group that has been formed to coordinate clients who are affected by this decision called Azure Malta Action And Support Group. They are a closed group on Facebook and are gaining in membership, not just with Azure owners, many others affected by the sales practices of the timeshare sales reps and their brokering of these loans.

The group has now published a letter to BPF which Inside Timeshare has placed as a downloadable link below, which demands the right to know what information was given to BPF by the broker regarding the loan application. It also calls for BPF to provide all details of any correspondence between the client and BPF.

It is a legal right under data protection and known as Data Subject Request.

This template letter is not just for Azure clients, any timeshare purchaser who was brokered a finance agreement by the sales reps with BPF or any other finance company can use it. Inside Timeshare urges you to do so, as from all the people that Inside Timeshare has spoken with none have ever provided any full financial details such as “income v expenditure” which are normal procedures especially when considering the sums involved. These reports show if the repayments are affordable and in fact, Shawbrook Bank admitted it had not carried this out several years ago.

The Azure Malta Action And Support Group along with Inside Timeshare are urging all those affected by BPF loan agreements to begin submitting these requests and then filing complaints with the FCA. Hopefully, this may force the FCA to investigate.

Unfortunately, in an article in the Mail on Sunday by Jeff Prestridge, it appears that there are some very serious concerns about the FCA.

According to the start of the article, which we must point out is also our opinion, the Financial Conduct Authority is there to protect consumers, but “is more interested in protecting its own”.

It also goes on to highlight the inherent problems of staff untrained and lacking the knowledge to actually carry out their work. They are not being trained to spot “anything suspicious” in the companies they are supposed to be monitoring.

They lack any training, knowledge or experience in dealing with consumer complaints, and as Inside Timeshare has found in the past, every complaint seems to be dismissed in favour of the industry. Sounds a bit like the Resorts Development Organisation don’t you think!

Although the article is not about timeshare it is a very damning report of the FCA and their apparent inability to actually perform the job they are entrusted with. It certainly highlights the problems being faced by consumers who have had to endure lengthy high-pressure sales presentations, ending up signing agreements for finance on the false promises of sales staff, reliant on the loans to close the sale.

The link to the full article is below along with previous articles on this subject along with the link to Azure Malta Action And Support Group.

If you have purchased a timeshare with a loan arranged by the sales staff and would like more information on what your rights are, then please use our contact page and Inside Timeshare will get back to you. If we are unable to answer your question we will find out for you.

Link to the Azure Action Group

https://www.facebook.com/groups/1152657598482168

PDF & Word versions of the template letter

Jeff Prestridge Article

https://www.thisismoney.co.uk/money/comment/article-9070435/JEFF-PRESTRIDGE-FCA-let-investors.html?fbclid=IwAR3M0bPZrnghdan3Ae5zxaGP17CHfiwYQ5llR0V0ELMTzic-j9XZD_3-72E

Articles on the FCA validation

https://insidetimeshare.com/fca-validate-azure-bpf-loan-agreements/

https://insidetimeshare.com/fca-validate-bpf-azure-loans-update/

https://insidetimeshare.com/barclays-the-fca-and-azure-the-story-continues/

Shawbrook Bank

https://insidetimeshare.com/shawbrook-bank-announce-irregularities-timeshare-loans-similar-activities-usa/